Central Folk Musical Instruments South Folk Musical Instruments
Central South
North Folk Musical Instruments Northeast Folk Musical Instruments
North Northeast
Saw Duang
Ranad Ek
Ranad Thume
Gong Wong Yai
Gong Wong Lek

Saw Sam Sai
The most beautiful fiddle is the Saw samsai; the three stringed spike bowed lute that had been used in the Thai ensemble for quite a long time probable before the Sukhothai period (1350).
Saw duang
is a bowed stringed instrument. The sound box is made of hardwood with snake skin stretched over one face, the other being the sound hole
has its sound chamber made of coconut shell. This fiddle has its bow laid down on the body between the two strings,
A plucking string instrument, which is approximately 20 cm. high and 140 cm. long, with its first two strings made of silk yarn and the last of brass.
Khlui is a bamboo recorder having seven blowing-out sound holes, of one and half octave. Khlui-u has the lowest pitches;
Pi is a read instrument with six out-blowing holes capable of a variating sounds to 22 pitches. The reed is made of a kind of palm leaf,
this is a type of xylophone in high pitches which consists of 21-22 wooden bars strung together into a bridging set,
a low pitched xylophone having 18 bars in the set. Its shape looks like a Ranad- ek, but lower and wider.
Gong Wong Yai
is the main instrument of an ensemble, playing the principle melody. This type comprises of 16 kattles in one set and consisting of two main parts
Gong Wong Lek
This is a Gong set smaller but of higher pitch than which of the Gong wong-yai; being played by the same method, anyhow,
Thone Rammana
Thon : The Thon looks like a smaller Klong yao. It is made of carved wood or baked clay. The head is of hide held inplace by thongs fastened to the "waist" of the drum.
Glong khaek
This drum is accompanying the Mahori, or a Pipat ensemble; and sometimes the String ensemble also.
Glong Songna
This drum is shaped like a kind being used in the Puangmangkog set. It is always played with a Pipat ensemble.
Copyright by Office of the National Culture Commission Ministry of Culture